IHT may be payable when an individual's estate is worth more than the IHT nil rate band when they die.
Lifetime and death transfers between UK domiciled spouses are exempt from IHT.
A further nil rate band of £175,000 may be available in relation to current or former residences.
The IHT threshold available on death may be increased for surviving spouses as there may have been a nil rate band not used, or not fully used, on the first death.
There are reliefs for some business and farming assets which reduce their value for IHT purposes.
IHT may also be payable on gifts made in an individual's lifetime but within seven years of death.
Some lifetime gifts are exempt.
Transfers of assets into trust made in an individual's lifetime may be subject to an immediate charge but at lifetime rates.
There are also charges on some trusts.
Standard nil rate band: £325,000
|Rate ||% |
|Lifetime rate ||20 |
|Death rate ||40 |
|Death rate if sufficient charitable legacies made ||36 |
Reliefs for lifetime gifts
Annual Exemption: £3,000
Small Gifts: £250
Marriage/civil partnership: The amount of relief depends on who the gift is from...
|Gift from ||Amount (£) |
|Parent ||5,000 |
|Grandparent ||2,500 |
|Other spouse/civil partner ||2,500 |
|Other ||1,000 |
Reduced charge on gifts within seven years of death
|Years before death ||% of death charge |
|0-3 ||100 |
|3-4 ||80 |
|4-5 ||60 |
|5-6 ||40 |
|6-7 ||20 |